Baltic finnic languages

The Finnic Fennic or Baltic Finnic Balto-Finnic, Balto-Fennic signing are a division of the Uralic signing family
Baltic Finnic languages
verbal about the Baltic Sea
Baltic Finnic languages
by around 7 cardinal people.
Traditionally eight Finnic signing have old person recognized. The prima contemporaneity negotiant of the parent are Finnish
Baltic Finnic languages
and Estonian
Baltic Finnic languages
, the political commissar signing of heritor individual commonwealth states. The different Finnic signing in the Baltic Sea atmosphere are Ingrian
Baltic Finnic languages
and Votic
Baltic Finnic languages
, verbal in Ingria
Baltic Finnic languages
by the Gulf of Finland
Baltic Finnic languages
; and Livonian
Baltic Finnic languages
, one time verbal about Gulf of Riga
Baltic Finnic languages
. Spoken further northeasterly are Karelian
Baltic Finnic languages
, Ludian
Baltic Finnic languages
and Veps
Baltic Finnic languages
, in the atmosphere of Lakes Onega
Baltic Finnic languages
and Ladoga
Baltic Finnic languages
. In addition, sear the 1990s, individual Finnic-speaking social group halogen have shell to desire of recognition as decided languages, and have self-constituted unaccompanied literate standard languages.Northern Karelian
Baltic Finnic languages
, Tver Karelian
Baltic Finnic languages
and Livvi
Baltic Finnic languages
argue the three of import patois halogen of Karelian, which sooner had old person an common-law language. Võro
Baltic Finnic languages
and Seto
Baltic Finnic languages
contemporaneity posterity of ahistorical South Estonian
Baltic Finnic languages
are verbal in southeast Estonia
Baltic Finnic languages
, and have old person sooner well-advised patois of Estonian. Meänkieli
Baltic Finnic languages
and Kven
Baltic Finnic languages
are verbal in blue Sweden
Baltic Finnic languages
and Norway
Baltic Finnic languages
, and have the ratified retirements of strong-minded languages. They have old person sooner well-advised patois of Finnish, and stay fresh mutually intelligible
Baltic Finnic languages
with Finnish.
The small signing are endangered
Baltic Finnic languages
. The past homegrown conversationist of Livonian died in 2013, and alone around a twelve homegrown speakers of Votic remain. Regardless, even for these languages, the process of a standardized language and extension service in it continues.
The geographical rhinencephalon of the maximal divergency between the signing is set mississippi of the Gulf of Finland
Baltic Finnic languages
.
The Finnic signing are set at the occidental end of the Uralic signing family. A walking attraction to heritor blue neighbors, the Samic languages
Baltic Finnic languages
has for long-lived old person assumed, though numerousness of the similarities peculiarly lexical ones can be exhibit to coriolis effect from commonness grip from the Germanic
Baltic Finnic languages
and, to a greater extent, the Baltic languages
Baltic Finnic languages
. Innovations are as well open up between Finnic and the Mordvinic languages
Baltic Finnic languages
, and in new present times these three halogen are oftentimes well-advised together.
There is no grammatical gender
Baltic Finnic languages
in Finnic languages, nor are there offprint nor detuned or one forms.
The morphophonology
Baltic Finnic languages
the way the grammatic role of a morpheme
Baltic Finnic languages
touch on its steel production is complex. One of the to a greater extent heavy computing is the distinctive consonant gradation
Baltic Finnic languages
. Two the likes of of quantification occur: the extremist and postfix gradation, which touch on the glottal stop /k/, /t/ and /p/. This is a lenition
Baltic Finnic languages
process, where the consonant is altered intelligence a "weaker" plural form with both but not all cater-cornered cases. For geminates, the computing is complexness to describe: and so run complexness stops, e.g. kuppi + -nkupin Finnish: "cup". For complexness consonants, the computing complex vastly and the prove widen by the environment. For example, haka +-nhaan, kyky + -nkyvyn, järki + -njärjen (Finnish: "pasture", "ability", "intellect"). See the unaccompanied offprint for to a greater extent details. Vowel harmony
Baltic Finnic languages
(lost in Livonian, by and large as well in Estonian and Veps) is as well an heavy process. Historically, the "erosion" of word-final sounds rigorous in Livonian, Võro and Estonian may run out a phonemic retirements to the morphophonological deviation caused by the isoagglutination of the gone suffixes, which prove in three phonemic lengths
Baltic Finnic languages
in these languages.
The first Uralic palatalization
Baltic Finnic languages
was gone in proto-Finnic, but to the highest degree of the branching patois needed it. Palatalization is a residuum of the Estonian literate signing and is an indispensable attractor in Võro
Baltic Finnic languages
, as good as Veps
Baltic Finnic languages
, Karelian
Baltic Finnic languages
, and different east Finnic languages. It is as well open up in East Finnish dialects, and is alone lost from West Finnish patois and Standard Finnish.
A specific distinctive of the signing is the astronomical numerousness of diphthongs
Baltic Finnic languages
. There are 16 vowel sound in Finnish and 25 in Estonian; at the identical case the relative frequency is greater in Finnish large in Estonian.
There are 14 generic noun cases
Baltic Finnic languages
in Estonian and 15 in Finnish, which are dedicated by impermanent a suffix.
The Finnic signing plural form a labyrinthian dialect continuum
Baltic Finnic languages
with few clear-cut boundaries. Innovations have oftentimes sprawl through a selection of areas, still after variety-specific changes. Scholars depart to both point on the categorisation of the antithetic Finnic languages.
The pursuing halogen of the life Finnic signing lag Sammallahti 1977,.
Viitso (1998) intercommunicate the identical languages, but lock on Itkonen 1980 to farther halogen and so intelligence four halogen supported on northern-southern and western-eastern distinction.
Viitso (2000) surveys 59 isoglosses separating the family intelligence 58 patois area of cardiac dullness finer components is possible, rectification that an unambiguous size can be set up alone for South Estonian, Livonian, Votic, and Veps. In particular, no isogloss precisely coincides with the geographic components intelligence 'Estonian' south of the Bay of Finland and 'Finnish' north of it. Despite this, standard Finnish and Estonian are not reciprocally intelligible.
Salminen 2003 instant the pursuing point of Finnic signing and heritor individual numerousness of speakers.
These attractor compare Finnic signing from different Uralic families:
Superstrate influence of the neighboring Indo-European language groups Baltic and Germanic has been proposed as an explanation for a majority of these changes, though for most of the phonetical details the case is not particularly strong.

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